Celts Created Halloween “Festival of the Dead” Over 2000 Years Ago — But Other Cultures Have Spooky Traditions as Well

Boston, MA (PRWEB) October 27, 2005

Think those little ghosts and goblins knocking at the door tonight are pretty scary? Maybe so. But how about spending an evening meditating on life and death in a spooky Indian cemetery with rats and other mysterious animals scurrying to and fro behind your back?

That’s what American Buddhist Lama Surya Das author of the newly released “Letting Go of the Person You Used to Be: Lessons on Change, Loss, and Spiritual Transformation” (Broadway Books, $ 15.00 paperback) — had to do as part of his training to become the most highly trained American lama in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition.

“It was the scariest night of my life,” says the best-selling author, who was born Jeffrey Miller in a Jewish household on Long Island before hitch-hiking to the Himalayas after his college graduation to spend 25 years studying and meditating.

Halloween was created by the Celts in Ireland in the 5th Century B.C. as the festival of Samhain (pronounced sow-in) as a festival of the dead marking the beginning of the dark, cold winter. Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred, and the ghosts of the dead returned to earth to cause mischief — but also to help inhabitants make predictions about the future.

The Buddhist practice of “Chod” contemplates death as well — but more as a way to assist the living improve their future. “Chod” is a Tibetan word that means “cutting through.” “Chod uses the demonic images (representing our inner demons) to befriend our dark side and conquer fear,” says Surya. “It is a way of facing and getting past our personal inner demons.”

Although the purpose of Chod is to allow an individual to overcome fear and lead a more fearless and fulfilled life, the visualization process sounds a bit gruesome:

“Practitioners of Chod invite the shadow side and its terrors in, and instead of recoiling and running away in a self-protective reflex, they symbolically offer their bodies as food to the

demons,” writes Surya on Page 132 of his book. “They literally visualize their bodies being chopped up and all of their blood pouring into a cauldron made of the upturned skulls of their

own heads, in order to test their greatest fears and attachments…This gory stew is then blessed, mystically transformed, sanctified and ritualistically offered up to repay karmic debts and satisfy the demons’ hunger. The practice encourages practitioners to regard adversity and suffering as friend. I finds this works in very profound psychological ways,” he writes.

Surya notes that the Chod meditation does not always have to take place in a cemetery and for Americans, he recommends against it. “You can do this right in the comfort of your own living

room,” he says. “But you’ll probably want to turn off the TV first.”

About Lama Surya Das: Lama Surya Das is a sought-after speaker and teacher and director of the Dzogchen Center in Boston, whose motto is “Buddhism for the West.” His first book, “Awakening the Buddha Within,” was a best-seller, with 300,000 copies now in print. As an aspiring lama he served as a bodyguard and interpreter for the Dalai Lama; he has been praised by the Dalai Lama of Tibet as ‘The Western Lama'” and “a leader of Western Buddhists.” Surya has appeared as a

guest on “Politically Incorrect,” CNN and National Public Radio, and has been profiled in the Boston Globe, Boston Herald and New York Post. (For fans of the ABC TV show “Dharma and Greg,” an episode entitled “The Return of Leonard” was based on his life.)

Possible “Letting Go of the Person You Used to Be” Questions:

1. The practice of “chod” — “feeding the demons” — is an ancient one and central to Buddhist beliefs but it sounds pretty darn scary. How can it be healthy to visualize one’s body being chopped up and made into a stew in a bowl made out of our own skulls?

2. So this is really just an ancient “self-help” technique?

3. Is it really a good idea for a person to think of his or her own death, and why? Should we be afraid of death?

4. Your book is entitled “Letting Go of the Person You Used to Be.” Is there a great desire for this among Americans, and how can they go about doing this?

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Black Cats: Witches’ Friend Or Halloween Tale?

Article by J. Roslyn Antle

Today, images of witches and black cats are likely associated with Halloween decorations, but not too long ago, the scary duo was regarded with a mixture of fear and trepidation. Woe to anyone walking alone on a dark night if he spies a black cat lying in wait on the path. And worse still, a witch may be lurking nearby, seeking to cast a hex on the unwary traveler!

Such concerns are the stuff of village tales, superstition and folklore, though it was considered gravely serious at the time. Since the middle ages, black cats have been regarded somewhat differently than the rest of their feline brethren. This is due to the folklore that surrounds black cats that still exists in some communities to this day.

Some European cultures considered a black cat to be a bad omen. The superstition of a black cat crossing your path being bad luck is very well known throughout North America and other parts of the world. The Irish culture believed the appearance of a black cat beneath the moonlight foretold great illness. Likewise, the Italians believed that a sick person visited by a black cat would soon perish.

Alternatively, some cultures believe the exact opposite; a black cat walking towards you or the appearance of a black cat portends good luck. Other cultures, in particular the South African religion Hoodoo believes that a particular bone within a black cat can be used to impart someone with invisibility or other special powers.

The black cat suffered the most in areas of Europe that partook in the horrid practice of witch trials and witch burnings. The black cat was considered to be a witch